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Types of roofs



Types of roofs

Abat-ven

Is one sloping ramp, which is fixed on the walls of different heights. This roof is most often used in commercial buildings or as part of a complex multi-level design.

Gable

Roof formed by two inclined planes, connected to the junction of the top ridge. This is one of the most common, it is simple in construction and reliable in operation.

Mansard roof is designed to increase the volume of the attic space. There usually make one more room or utility room. This roof is one of the variants of a gable roof. Main components (top to bottom): skate, two gentle slope, the lower two steep slope.

Hip roof

Hip roof has four slopes in the form of identical triangles that meet at a single point. Tent, a marquee-coating - they completed centric buildings (churches, steeples, towers, porches) in a high tetrahedral, octahedral or polyhedral pyramid. Became widespread in the Russian stone architecture from the XVI century.
Brick tents consisted of rows of inclined or horizontal rows of bricks with an overlap, wooden - overlap rims with decreasing side lengths. Houses of worship tent usually ends (crowned) bulbous head, civil and military - patrol tower, weather vane. The most common roof with four identical slopes (isosceles triangles), but the edges of the hip roof can be more, for example, eight.
Hip roof
We often see in our villages postwar buildings, then build one - three standard designs and houses looks similar to the neighborhood. Well that houses, and not children. This type of roof is well suited to rectangular buildings and for the protection of the pediment from external influences. Hip - roof slope is wholly or partly superseded fronton (fronton). Thus, the surface of the roof slope is formed by four, two on each side of the main large and two smaller ones (hip), located on top of the ridge.

Mnogoschiptsovaya roof complicated installation and care, but has the original looks. Consists of several "building blocks" gable roof.
The main elements of the roof:
Valleys - crossing slopes, forming the inner corners. Slopes valleys significantly less than slopes slopes, valleys, but most precipitation runs off (it is important to monitor the tightness of these elements).
Edge - the intersection of roof slope forming the protruding corners.
Overhangs - protruding roof elements, roof hanging down to no precipitation fell on the wall, and immediately ran down to the ground.
Fronton (fronton) - triangular end of the wall, which can be obtained at the device and mnogoschiptsovyh gable roofs.
Skate - the top horizontal edge, which is formed at the junction of the roof slopes.
Skating, edges, valleys and overhangs carry and protective and decorative functions. Various combinations of these elements allow you to create interesting architectural solutions. Because, if the angle of slope is largely determined by climatic and operational requirements, the external appearance, shape and number of rays depend solely on the taste of the owners.




Пятница, 31 августа 2012 (00:06)

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